IN REVIEW • Types of local government archives • How archives and records man-agement relate to each other • How to create local government records programs • Aspects of managing analog records • Basic approaches to appraising, arranging and describing, and processing these records (what they term “intellectual consider-ations”) • The challenges of dealing with electronic records in local gov-ernment (relegated to a separate chapter, a topic that perhaps should have been integrated throughout the book) • Providing reference to these records • The importance of outreach and exhibits for promoting the nurtur-ing of local government archives There is little that is omitted. Yet, at times, the book waffles between a basic practice manual and a call for action. end. Perhaps more candid descrip-tions of successful local government records programs would have helped. A chapter on how to use this book in workshops, undergraduate and graduate programs, and in the local government itself would be interest-ing and useful to have; the expecta-tion that local officials are going to acquire and read the book on their own is a bit naïve. Even more discussion about how other past national initiatives, vari-ously led by the National Historical Publications and Records Commis-sion, the American Association for State and Local History, and the National Association of Government Archives and Records Administrators would have provided the opportunity to learn from the past and plan for better and more sustained efforts to deal with these significant records. The authors’ serious effort to avoid anything seeming to be theo-retical also undermines the ultimate utility of the volume. Let me give an example. The authors provide brief descriptions of the various values of records, ranging from fiscal and historical value to potential monetary value; there are no surprises here. However, by studiously avoiding recent theory and debates within the archival field, they miss the value of archives for purposes such as memo-ry, community identity, accountability, social justice, and so forth. It is within these debates that some of the most interesting and challenging developments have occurred, in some ways reshaping the nature of the archives profes-sion and, to a certain extent, that of records management. And, it should be noted, all of these and more have strong connections to the nature and utility of local government archives; it is, after all, at the local level where government most intimately connects to citizens and vice versa. And, of course, archival knowledge consists of both practice and theory. A Hope for Book’s Impact I am not writing a negative review. This book is a fresh statement about managing local government archives, one long overdue in the professional literature. However, it could have been better, and I am not certain it will have the impact the authors intended. But, I hope I am wrong. E Where it Falls Short While the authors state that “this book is a whole-hearted attempt to effect change in the preservation and accessibility of local government records,” it is difficult to see how this particular book might be a tool for this Free White Paper 2016-2017 ARMA International/ Cohasset Benchmarking Survey: Transforming Information Management Download now! http://bit.ly/2m0tikO 46 March/April 2017 About the Author: Richard J. Cox, Ph.D., is a professor in archival studies at the University of Pittsburgh, School of Information Sciences. He has served as editor of the American Archivist and the Records & Informa-tion Management Report. Cox has written extensively on archival and records management topics and has published numerous books and arti-cles in this area, winning the Society of American Archivists’ Waldo Gifford Leland Award for the best book on ar-chives three times. Cox, who earned a doctoral degree from the School of Library and Information Science at the University of Pittsburgh and a master’s degree in history from the University of Maryland, was elected a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists in 1989. He can be contact-ed at email@example.com.